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Macedonian Mycological Society

Fungi Collection Guidelines

Various fungal species are each harvested in a specific period of the year and in a specific manner. It is of particular importance to comply with certain rules while collecting fungi so as to avert unwanted consequences or their lasting destruction. By adhering to these rules, one contributes for nature conservation in a mode that will ensure further planned use of its resources.

- While collecting, fruit bodies and mycelium must not be damaged or destroyed, and this applies for all species of fungi.

- Collecting of permissible species with fruit bodies above ground is to be conducted only with a knife so as not to do harm to the mycelium. The usage of other tools that may destroy the mycelium and the habitat is prohibited.

- For the purposes of processing and trade of fungi, young fruit bodies (which have not released spores yet) as well as old fruit bodies (with inconsiderable use value but rich in spores) must not be collected. The boundary value of fruit bodies suitable for collecting is to be determined precisely.

- Collecting aimed at processing and trade of fungi must not exceed 10 kg of the same fungal species per day.

- For personal needs, individual fungi hunters may collect not more than 2 kg of fruit bodies of the permitted species per day.

- Fruit bodies are to be collected in a way that the fungi hunter will leave one-third of them in the habitat (in case of groups of three or more fruit bodies, 1/3 is to be left; in case of two fruit bodies, one is to be left, and in case of individual fruit bodies, every third is to be left).

- Make effort to minimise the damage done to the vegetation, leaf litter, soil etc.

- Avoid removing dead trees except when it is essential for recognising the fungus.

- Carry a good field guidebook with you, and attempt to identify as many fungi as possible on the spot.

- Old forests usually abound in diverse fungi species, some of which may be rare. This is the reason why special attention should be paid when collecting fungi on such locations.

Bear in mind that certain fungi are very poisonous, and numerous others can make you feel unwell. Some people suffer allergic reactions when consuming particular species. Make sure you are capable of identifying fungi by attending a field fungi foraging course or participating in field foraging led by an expert before you commence collecting.

  • Do not pick species that you do not intend to eat.
  • Respect and protect other species, the poisonous inclusively.
  • Do not pick rare species or species included in the Red List.
  • Collect only fungi that are aplenty, and do not take more than necessary for personal consumption.
  • Do not pick fungi that are not developed sufficiently. By allowing them time to develop, spore-release will be enabled, which will result in greater number of fungi for nutritional purposes.
  • Try to retrieve the refuse material to the place where it was collected.