Macedonian Mycological Society

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Kosovo Fungi Red List Candidates and Important Fungal Areas Defined

Posted on August 12, 2018 at 5:25 PM

The mycological team led by Prof. Mitko Karadelev from the Faculty of Natural Science in Skopje has rounded up the project ''Fungi of Kosovo: Establishing Fungi Checklist and Preliminary Red List and Proposing Important Fungal Areas'' (1 March 2017 - 31 August 2018), funded by the Rufford Foundation.

Until now, fungi of Kosovo had been studied very scarcely and only few official data had been available. The project has produced data on 380 different species i.e. 770 pieces of data on fungi included in a specially created online database Fungi of Kosovo. A List of Rare Species from Kosovo – Red List Candidates has been produced, which will be a foundation document for preparation of a Preliminary Red List of Fungi of Kosovo, in compliance with IUCN categories and criteria. The List comprises 39 species, as follows: 1 extremely rare species, 16 very rare species and 22 rare species. In addition, it has been ascertained that areas fulfil the criteria for nomination of Important Fungal Areas, which has resulted in production of an IFA Map of Kosovo.

Collected specimens have been deposited both at the Faculty of Natural Sciences and Mathematics within University of Pristina in Kosovo and at the MCF (Macedonian Collection of Fungi) at Ss Cyril and Methodius University in Skopje, Macedonia. All project-related documentation is available on our webpage dedicated to this project.


Photographs credit: Mitko Karadelev.

Caloscypha fulgens - a rare species, growing on soil in fir forests; Prokletije National Park.


Amanita dryophila - a very rare species occurring on soil in oak forest in Kacanik area.



Kneiffiella abdita - a very rare species found in Pinus heldreichii forest in Prevalla within Shar Mt National Park.


Resupinatus cf. striatulus - a very rare species found in Pinus heldreichii forest in Prevalla within Shar Mt National Park.

The Extremely Rare Zeus Olympius Observed in Kosovo

Posted on June 25, 2018 at 5:20 AM

In the course of springtime of 2018, fungi research was conducted in Kosovo mountains, and this time the focus was on the area with undisturbed natural forest of Bosnian pine (Pinus leucodermis). Our goal was hunting for certain distinctive species connected to this Balkan endemic pine. The greatest find was the cup-fungus Zeus olympius, known only from the type locality in Greece (Mount Olympus) and Bulgaria. Thus, ours is only its third locality in the world. The species was observed only in Prevalla (Sharr Mt National Park), at approximately 1,600 meters of elevation. The fruiting bodies grow scattered or in small groups on dead portions of twigs of Bosnian pine that are still living towards their base. The species is part of the Global Fungal Red List Initiative, where it is considered as "potentially Critically Endangered". The identified population to date is very small, and the more frequent forest fires as a consequence of climate change constitute a real threat. Our data has already been made available to the Global Fungal Red List Initiative.  All project-related documentation is available in the science and conservation section of this website.

The fungus was found and determined by a team led by Prof. Mitko Karadelev from the Faculty of Natural Science in Skopje, within the trailblazing project ''Fungi of Kosovo: Establishing Fungi Checklist and Preliminary Red List and Proposing Important Fungal Areas'' (1 March 2017 - 31 August 2018), funded by the Rufford Foundation.

This important find has garnered broad media attention in Serbia, Kosovo and Macedonia, one of them being National Geographic Serbia.


Photo credit: Mitko Karadelev.



Third Progress Report on Fungi of Kosovo Project

Posted on March 7, 2018 at 4:00 AM

In the course of the winter season within the project ''Fungi of Kosovo: Establishing Fungi Checklist and Preliminary Red List and Proposing Important Fungal Areas'', supported by the Rufford Small Grants Foundation, the progress of foraying for fungi was not stopped but instead it continued in Kosovo lowlands. In the lowland areas there is little or no snow and outdoor temperatures are mild, thus there are favourable conditions for certain winter species to emerge. The field research was concentrated in an array of oak forests and in habitats with riparian vegetation, which yielded 380 specimens overall. The results have been incorporated in the online fungi database, which is regularly updated, and exsiccates of the new records have been deposited at the National Collection of Fungi. In view of the fact that springtime fungi collection is pending, a revised species list will be supplied in the upcoming months.

All project-related documentation is available in the science and conservation section of this website.


Photo credit: Mitko Karadelev


Mycoacia uda.



Terana caerulea.



Radulomyces confluens.



Trametes ochracea on stump of white willow (Salix alba).



Oak-hornbeam forest (Querco-Carpinetum orientalis).



Dendrocorticium polygonioides on a dry branch of oak.

Second Project Update for Fungi of Kosovo

Posted on November 23, 2017 at 6:20 PM

During autumn months of the project Fungi of Kosovo: Establishing Fungi Checklist and Preliminary Red List and Proposing Important Fungal Areas'', supported by the Rufford Small Grants Foundation, field research for fungi collection was carried out in more than twenty localities. There were forays in various habitats but the emphasis was laid on beech and oak forests, plane riverine etc., predominantly in the central part of the country, Bjeshket e Nemuna National Park and Rugova Mountain. Taking into account the fungi database available and the current project research, data has been obtained on additional 280 records i.e. over 200 different species. The ongoing project activities and hitherto findings were discussed with the attendees of a prestigious event -  EMA/ISFC Meeting “Fungal Conservation in a Changing Europe: The Challenges Ahead”, held in Ohrid (Macedonia), 1-6 October 2017. An input of the current results has been made into the online fungi database Fungi of Kosovo. An updated species list will be supplied in the upcoming months given that collection season is still in progress. Full project-related documentation is available in the science and conservation section of this website.


Photo copyright: Mitko Karadelev.

Phanerochaete sordida on Alnus glutinosa in Prokletije National Park. 


Chlorophyllum rachodes – shaggy parasol, a fairly common fungus primarily occurring in or beside woods and hedges.



Hapalopilus rutilans - a common polypore on Quercus in Prokletije National Park.


Mycena galericulata in Prokletije National Park.

First Project Update on Fungi of Kosovo Research

Posted on August 4, 2017 at 1:05 AM

In the course of the first four months of the project 'Fungi of Kosovo: Establishing Fungi Checklist and Preliminary Red List and Proposing Important Fungal Areas'', supported by the Rufford Small Grants Foundation, field research for collection of fungal material was conducted in over 20 localities in Kosovo. The collection season is still in progress.The laboratory analyses for identification of the fungi specimens were performed at the Mycological Laboratory in Skopje. On the basis of both the existing fungi database and our project research so far, there is data on about 230 different fungal species. Our project findings to date were presented at the 37th Meeting of Eastern Alpine and Dinaric Society for Vegetation Ecology, held in Prizren (Kosovo), between 13 and 16 July 2017. We participated both in the lecture sessions and poster presentations. The results have also been entered in the online fungi database created for this project specifically; exsiccates of the new finds have been deposited at the National Collection of Fungi.

Comprehensive documentation pertaining to the current project is available in the science and conservation section of this website and on the Rufford Small Grants webpage. 



Lecture by Prof. Mitko Karadelev during the 37th Meeting of Eastern Alpine and Dinaric Society for Vegetation Ecology, held in Prizren, 13-16 July 2017.


Leccinum pseudoscabrum found in oak forest in Kacanik area, Kosovo.


Elaphomyces granulatus - an underground fungus from Kosovo. 


The black trumpet (Craterellus cornucopioides) - a mushroom species exported from Kosovo.

Establishing Fungi Checklist and Preliminary Red List, and Proposing Important Fungal Areas in Kosovo

Posted on May 1, 2017 at 2:25 PM

Thanks to a recently awarded grant from the Rufford Foundation, a team from the Macedonian Mycological society has commenced a new project: ''Fungi of Kosovo: Establishing Fungi Checklist and Preliminary Red List and Proposing Important Fungal Areas''. The project  is to be implemented between 1 March 2017 through 31 August 2018. 


The project goals are compiling a fungi inventory and a preliminary red list of fungi compliant with IUCN criteria, along with proposing Important Fungal Areas based on the presence of rare and threatened species, richness, and habitat mycological significance. The List and IFAs will be crucial for fungi conservation in view of the major threats, as follows: excessive exploitation, fungi habitats’ fragmentation and destruction. Public awareness will be raised via media campaign, presentations and promotional material. A  new database (FUNGI OF KOSOVO) will also be created, accessible online, with reference to all identified fungal species of Kosovo. More on the following link


Microstoma protractum. Photograph by Mitko Karadelev.