Macedonian Mycological Society



National Red List of Fungi of Macedonia Released

Posted on May 26, 2021 at 5:40 PM

The new National Red List of Fungi of Macedonia has been produced, including 64 species, compatible with the Guidelines for Using the IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria. Regarding the species threat status, 6 species have been assigned the category of CR - Critically Endangered (9.3 %), 19 EN – Endangered (29.6 %), 34 VU – Vulnerable (53.1 %), 2 NT - Near Threatened (3.1 %), 2 LC - Least Concern (3.1 %), and one species is DD - Data Deficient (1.5 %). The majority of the fungal species (53) belong to the phylum Basidiomycota whereas 11 are affiliated with the phylum Ascomycota.

                     Fungi Red List Report                     Национална црвена листа на габи на Македонија

                Galerina sphagnorum, CR – Critically Endangered, B1ab (iii); C1.  Photo by Matthias Theiss.

Thirteen of the Macedonian fungal species assessed are on the global IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, whose component dedicated to fungi comprises 425 species as of March 2021. The red-listing data, with maps and detailed justification of each species conservation status, have been stored in IUCN’s global central database, and subsequently transferred to the Macedonian National Red List website, which is under the auspices of the Ministry of Environment and Physical Planning.

                 Guepinia helvelloides, EN – Endangered, B1ab(iii); B2ab(iii); D.  Photo by Mitko Karadelev.

                         Daedaleopsis nitida, VU – Vulnerable, B1ab (I,iii,iv); D1.  Photo by Matthias Theiss.

The next step is initiating a formal procedure for enacting the official National Red List of Fungi, which will be available to the relevant authorities in charge of conservation and the applicable biodiversity programmes. The National Red List is a seminal tool for biodiversity monitoring and identification of priority species in creating nature protection and conservation policies. It is pivotal for fungi conservation in the light of the major threats, such as loss and fragmentation of fungi habitats, loss of symbiotic hosts, overexploitation, pollution, and climate change.

                             Inocutis tamaricis, NT – Nearly Threatened, D1. Photo by Tome Jovanovski.

The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development has supported the latest red-listing efforts via the project Biodiversity Capacity Building Programme: Promoting Good International Practices in Macedonia, managed by Hardner & Gullison Associates from the USA.

                              Hortiboletus bubalinus, DD-Data Deficient. Photo by Tome Jovanovski.

The ground-breaking activity for fungi conservation in the country was the Preliminary Red List of Fungi of Macedonia from year 2000, comprising 67 species. In 2013, the appendix to the red list of fungi was published containing 213 species, following the IUCN Red List criteria and categories. Yet, the latter was a red list in the non-inclusive sense of the word since justification of species conservation status was not provided. All fungi red-listing documents to date have been produced by a team from the Macedonian Mycological Society led by Prof. Mitko Karadelev from the Faculty of Natural Science in Skopje.

Fungus Rosy Goblet - Symbol of Vodno Protected Area

Posted on February 15, 2021 at 4:55 PM

The Macedonian Mycological Society proposes that the fungus rosy goblet become a symbol of Vodno Protected Area.

The hopes are that before long, part of Vodno Mountain will be proclaimed a protected area in the category of protected landscape, thereby facilitating protection of a number of rare and threatened species occurring in the area. Specifically, five species are categorized as endangered (EN) or vulnerable (VU) pursuant to the IUCN, and they are part of the forthcoming National Red List of Fungi of Macedonia. The rosy goblet (Microstoma protractum) is among those species, emerging in springtime in a very small area in Sredno Vodno. It is a very rare and endangered species. Let us preserve the fungus rosy goblet from Vodno!


Clitopilus abprunulus - New Species from Macedonia

Posted on August 27, 2020 at 7:25 AM

A species from Macedonia new to science has been published by the authors Si-Peng Jian, Mitko Karadelev, Pan-Meng Wang, Wang-Qiu Deng and Zhu L. Yang in the journal Mycological Progress 19, 805–816 (2020), in the paper titled ''Clitopilus abprunulus, a new species from N. Macedonia with notes on C. ravus and pleuromutilin producing taxa''. The study describes Clitopilus abprunulus (Entolomataceae, Agaricales) as a new species based on collections from Macedonia with both morphological and molecular evidence. The research was supported by the Ministry of Science and Technology of China, within the framework of a Sino-Macedonian scientific and technological cooperation project.

Link to the paper:

Astraeus macedonicus - New Species from Macedonia

Posted on August 5, 2019 at 2:00 PM

A new species of fungi has been described from Macedonia, named after the country where it has been collected - Astraeus macedonicus, by Rusevska, Karadelev, Telleria & M.P. Martín. The research article has been published in Persoonia, volume 42, 2019 (Fungal Planet Description Sheets: 868–950, page 380). The notes section within the paper reads as follows:

''Astraeus macedonicus is known from deciduous forests in four Macedonian localities (the mountains located in the west, north, south and east part of the country). Morphologically, this species is very similar to A. hygrometricus, A. pteridis and A. telleriae, not only in its habitat but also in its microscopic characters, such as capillitium and spores; therefore all records (collected up to 2007) were previously published as A. hygrometricus (Karadelev et al. 2008). However, the Bayesian analyses, based on 53 collections from Macedonia, and a number of published sequences mainly from Phosri et al. (2007, 2013, 2014), Fangfuk et al. (2010) and Ryoo et al. (2017), clearly grouped eight Macedonian collections as a sister clade of Astraeus ryoocheoninii, a species described from Japan and Korea, and separated A. hygrometricus, A. pteridis and A. telleriae.''

More information in the media article on

Fungi Postal Stamps Issued by Macedonian Post

Posted on November 6, 2013 at 8:20 AM

The Macedonian Post issued four official postal stamps of Macedonian fungi as of 16th October 2013. The represented species have been selected by Professor Mitko Karadelev, the Macedonian Mycological Society President, while the photographs are courtesy of Matthias Theiss.

Related link:

Korab Mt Field Research Trip

Posted on July 29, 2013 at 3:45 PM

A Macedonian Mycological Society team participated in a field research in Korab Mountain between 8th and 22nd July 2013. Korab Mt is part of Mavrovo National Park, and it is situated in the western part of the country, along the Macedonian-Albanian borderline. The annual educational and scientific field research activity was organised by Biology Students’ Research Society, which functions within the Faculty of Natural Science and Mathematics in Skopje.