JUNIPER POCKET ROT (Pyrofomes demidoffii)
Its fruit body is ungulate, perennial, bracket-like and growing individually. The upper surface is hairy and brown-coloured. It develops exclusively as a parasite on Greek juniper and causes damage to juniper associations.
BROWN ROT (Antrodia juniperina)
Its fruit body has a solid crust with wide surface pores. It grows exclusively as a saprobe on dry branches and trunks of Greek juniper.
RED LIP (Hymenochaete cruenta)
A crust fungus, red to orange in colour. It grows exclusively on dry branches of living fir trunks. A rare species known only from Galicica.
THE JACK O'LANTERN (Omphalotus olearius)
A parasite species occurring at the trunk base or at shallow roots. The mature samples are always funnel-shaped; hence, they accumulate water on rainy days. It is yellow to orange in colour, and brown in the middle. It grows from May through November on broad-leaved trees, most commonly oak and beech. It is often confused with the Chanterelle, which is comestible, thus causing intoxiation (= ERL).
HOOTFOOT WEBCAP (Cortinarius bulliardii)
A species easy to recognise, with red to brown cap and orange stem base. It develops in autumn in oak and beech forests (= ERL).
VEINED SHIELD (Pluteus thomsonii)
A fungus with small dimensions (up to 3 cm), brown in colour and typical, distinct veins on the upper cap surface. It appears as a saprobe on wood debris of deciduous trees.
THREATENED due to excessive exploitation by local population
BOLETES (Boletus edulis s.l.)
Three similar species are exploited under the ordinary name Bolete: the Summer Bolete, the Cep and the Negro-Head Bolete.
The Summer Bolete (Boletus aestivalis) is found in deciduous forests from June through November, and it has a cracked cap surface. It is collected along with the very similar Cep (Boletus edulis) and the Negro-Head Bolete (Boletus aereus). These differ from the poisonous Boletes by the fact that when a piece of the flesh is torn away, they do not alter colour (do not bruise).
The Royal Bolete (Boletus regius) has finely coloured pink cap, and vivid-yellow stem and pores. It grows in deciduous forests, most often oak, from the second half of June throughout the hot summer months.
MORELS (Morchella spp.)
The ordinary morel (Morchella esculenta) grows in spring in meadows, parks, gardens, at roadsides and in light, deciduous and mixed forests. This is one of the most valuable fungi. It can be mixed up with other species of morels such as the Conical Morel (Morchella conica) and the Tall Morel (Morchella elata), but they are all edible.
CAESAR'S MUSHROOM (Amanita caesarea)
It is found in clearings and warm places, in light and deciduous forests (mostly oak), from June through October. A frequent and widespread species, and it is one of the most delicious fungi, known ever since the Roman Times, hence its name. Due to the orange-red colour of its cap and the yellow gills, it is easy to discriminate from the poisonous Fly Agaric, which has distinctive white gills and stem (= ECL, ECCF).
THE CHANTERELLE (Cantharellus cibarius)
A mycorrhizal species, growing individually or in groups, in coniferous and deciduous forests. A widespread and very common species. It is characteristic yellow in colour, with decurrent, gill-like folds running deeply down the stem. It is delicious and of outstanding quality.
THE BLACK SUMMER TRUFFLE (Tuber aestivum)
An underground, highly-esteemed commercial fungus. It develops in humus on calcareous soil in deciduous and mixed forests, most frequently under oak, hazel, beech, ash, elm etc. It has a strong and pleasant odour, therefore, specially trained dogs or pigs are used to find a fruiting body.
OAKMOSS LICHEN (Evernia prunastri)
A well-known commercial species occurring in large quantities on branches and trees, most often of oak. A common and widespread species particularly in mountainous areas.