Keep abreast of what is happening at the Macedonian Mycological Society (MMS), including updates on our science and conservation activities in Macedonia and in the Balkans, such as scientific discoveries, field research trips, fungi collection management, publications and more.
|Posted on June 25, 2018 at 5:20 AM|
In the course of springtime of 2018, fungi research was conducted in Kosovo mountains, and this time the focus was on the area with undisturbed natural forest of Bosnian pine (Pinus leucodermis). Our goal was hunting for certain distinctive species connected to this Balkan endemic pine. The greatest find was the cup-fungus Zeus olympius, known only from the type locality in Greece (Mount Olympus) and Bulgaria. Thus, ours is only its third locality in the world. The species was observed only in Prevalla (Sharr Mt National Park), at approximately 1,600 meters of elevation. The fruiting bodies grow scattered or in small groups on dead portions of twigs of Bosnian pine that are still living towards their base. The species is part of the Global Fungal Red List Initiative, where it is considered as "potentially Critically Endangered". The identified population to date is very small, and the more frequent forest fires as a consequence of climate change constitute a real threat. Our data has already been made available to the Global Fungal Red List Initiative. All project-related documentation is available in the science and conservation section of this website.
Photo credit: Mitko Karadelev.
|Posted on March 7, 2018 at 4:00 AM|
In the course of the winter season within the project ''Fungi of Kosovo: Establishing Fungi Checklist and Preliminary Red List and Proposing Important Fungal Areas'', supported by the Rufford Small Grants Foundation, the progress of foraying for fungi was not stopped but instead it continued in Kosovo lowlands. In the lowland areas there is little or no snow and outdoor temperatures are mild, thus there are favourable conditions for certain winter species to emerge. The field research was concentrated in an array of oak forests and in habitats with riparian vegetation, which yielded 380 specimens overall. The results have been incorporated in the online fungi database, which is regularly updated, and exsiccates of the new records have been deposited at the National Collection of Fungi. In view of the fact that springtime fungi collection is pending, a revised species list will be supplied in the upcoming months.
All project-related documentation is available in the science and conservation section of this website.
Photo credit: Mitko Karadelev
Trametes ochracea on stump of white willow (Salix alba).
Oak-hornbeam forest (Querco-Carpinetum orientalis).
Dendrocorticium polygonioides on a dry branch of oak.
|Posted on November 23, 2017 at 6:20 PM|
During autumn months of the project Fungi of Kosovo: Establishing Fungi Checklist and Preliminary Red List and Proposing Important Fungal Areas'', supported by the Rufford Small Grants Foundation, field research for fungi collection was carried out in more than twenty localities. There were forays in various habitats but the emphasis was laid on beech and oak forests, plane riverine etc., predominantly in the central part of the country, Bjeshket e Nemuna National Park and Rugova Mountain. Taking into account the fungi database available and the current project research, data has been obtained on additional 280 records i.e. over 200 different species. The ongoing project activities and hitherto findings were discussed with the attendees of a prestigious event - EMA/ISFC Meeting “Fungal Conservation in a Changing Europe: The Challenges Ahead”, held in Ohrid (Macedonia), 1-6 October 2017. An input of the current results has been made into the online fungi database Fungi of Kosovo. An updated species list will be supplied in the upcoming months given that collection season is still in progress. Full project-related documentation is available in the science and conservation section of this website.
Photo copyright: Mitko Karadelev.
Phanerochaete sordida on Alnus glutinosa in Prokletije National Park.
Chlorophyllum rachodes – shaggy parasol, a fairly common fungus primarily occurring in or beside woods and hedges.
Hapalopilus rutilans - a common polypore on Quercus in Prokletije National Park.
Mycena galericulata in Prokletije National Park.
|Posted on October 31, 2017 at 6:45 PM|
N A R R A T I V E R E P O R T
on Meeting ‘Fungal Conservation in Changing Europe - the Challenges Ahead,’
prepared by Prof. Mitko Karadelev, local organizer and Macedonian Mycological Society president
Skopje, Oct 2017
* * *
The scientific Meeting of the European Council for Conservation of Fungi entitled Fungal Conservation in a Changing Europe: the Challenges Ahead, held in Ohrid (Macedonia) in Oct 2017, was a great success and all projected programme goals and objectives were achieved, in the context of promotion of international cooperation in fungal research, monitoring programmes, the specific steps towards fungal red listing in Europe at continental and national levels and towards publication of a European Red Data List of threatened fungi, and ECCF current and future contribution to global fungal conservation initiatives.
Introduction and Background Information on the Event
The 2017 Meeting of the European Council for Conservation of Fungi (ECCF) entitled ‘Fungal Conservation in a Changing Europe - the Challenges Ahead’ was held in Hotel Tino in Ohrid, Macedonia, between 1st and 6th of October. This high-profile event, held under the auspices of the European Mycological Association and the International Society for Fungal Conservation (ISFC), was organised and hosted by the Macedonian Mycological Society and Ss Cyril and Methodius University from Skopje. The Macedonian Mycological Society (MMS) is based at the Institute of Biology within the Faculty of Natural Science and Mathematics, Ss Cyril and Methodius University in Skopje. The ECCF was established in 1988 and it is now the conservation body of EMA. Full meetings of the ECCF have traditionally been held halfway between successive congresses of European Mycologists. The previous ECCF meetings were held in Poland, Germany, Switzerland, Italy, Finland and Spain. The gathering in Ohrid enjoyed great support, and it was particularly significant that it took place in the Balkan Peninsula, which has in recent times seen remarkable progress in fungal conservation. The Balkan countries are large mushroom exporters but they are still in lack of proper legislation pertaining to fungi protection.
Event Delivery Review
Within the Meeting Programme, more than thirty oral presentations were delivered and approximately twenty poster-presentations. Three sessions were held enabling specialist consideration of fungi covered by three of the IUCN Species Survival Commission’s Specialist Groups (red-listing of larger Basidiomycetes, rusts and smuts, and non-lichen-forming Ascomycetes). There was a one-day field excursion to Pelister National Park (visiting five-needle molika pine forest - Pinus peuce). During the event, two exhibitions were also displayed: an exhibition of freshly collected fungi and an exhibition of fungi in contemporary art.
The Meeting proved to be an excellent platform for the participants to discuss the current processes responsible for changes in the mycoflora on a local, regional, national, European and worldwide level, such as habitat loss, climate change, excessive exploitation, pollution etc.. The event plenary lectures and presentations dealt with the major ongoing European fungal conservation projects, along with educational, infrastructural and political challenges for fungal conservation in Europe nowadays. Lectures were delivered on red listing and legal protection of fungi in the Balkan countries, Turkey, Italy, the Netherlands, Poland, Germany, Russia. Nonetheless, the coverage of fungal conservation topics exceeded the European scale, with major talks on the state of affairs in China, India, Borneo and South Africa.
Fungal Conservation in the genomic age was widely debated and a review was made of how molecular techniques can inform and be applied to practical fungal conservation.
The hands-on workshops on global red listing were chaired by the Chairs of the IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature)’s Species Survival Commission Fungal Specialist Groups and the leaders of the Global Fungal Red List Initiative. Advancement or finalisation was made of the assessments of many fungal species.
Citizen science, databases and new technology for fungal conservation was also one of the topics, whereat the power of citizen science and big data to foster fungal conservation was underlined. A number of websites were pinpointed for fungal data search such as GBIF, USDA and MushroomMap. Valuable projects were presented, for instance the ‘Lost and Found Fungi’ UK-based project considering fungi that have not been observed for over 50 years and inquiring whether they are merely overlooked or truly extinct, or the India-UK collaborative ventures creating fungi databases.
A separate workshop/meeting of the European Council for Conservation of Fungi was held during which the past role of the ECCF in fungal conservation in Europe was discussed and its future role was mapped. Recommendations were made for bringing together ECCF members’ expertise to provide the best scientific evidence accessible to policy makers, communicating the significance of fungi to policy-makers and the general public, and providing assistance to ECCF members so that they can enhance their capacity via training and networking.
The Meeting was the first mycological gathering in Macedonia, whereat 56 representatives of 29 countries from Europe and beyond were in attendance. The overall level and quality of the international and a few local participants was outstanding. The majority of them were luminaries of fungal conservation on a global scale, such as scientists from IUCN Species Survival Commission Fungal Specialist Groups or their chairs and the leaders of the Global Fungal Red List Initiative.
The Meeting was covered by the domestic national and regional media. The reports were broad and entailed all key aspects of the fungal conservation meeting: its programme, purpose and expected outcomes. It was reported by the reputable national, daily broadsheet newspaper Nova Makedonija and the regional web-based news outlet OhridPress.
The Macedonian Mycological Society as a local host also provided extensive live coverage of the ECCF Meeting developments on social media: on the MMS twitter account and the facebook group specially created for the event, and subsequently on the Meeting webpage created within the MMS official website.
Fungi are essential to the recycling of nutrients in all terrestrial ecosystems, and they are inseparable from the processes that sustain life on earth but they are endangered. Until the last couple of decades, they were completely overlooked by the conservation programmes. The European Council for Conservation of Fungi was the first to recognize this problem. In 2010 the International Society for Fungal Conservation was formed, and in 2013 the IUCN as the world’s foremost conservation NGO formally recognized that protection of fungi was just as important as protection of animals and plants. The ECCF Meeting in Ohrid has definitely continued to contribute to these efforts, and by its decision to organise this gathering in Macedonia, ECCF has acknowledged and simultaneously immensely encouraged the current thriving fungal conservation activities in the Balkans.
For download of this Narrative Report, please click here.
|Posted on October 3, 2017 at 5:45 AM|
The Meeting of the European Council for Conservation of Fungi, under the auspices of EMA and ISFC, has officially been opened in Ohrid on 1 Oct and it will last until 6 Oct 2017. It is hosted by the Macedonian Mycological Society and Ss. Cyril and Methodius University from Skopje.
Photographic albums with captions from all days of the scientific Meeting are available in the following Photo Gallery:
* * *
Exhibition: Fungi in Contemporary Painting, displayed throughout the Meeting.
* * *
Join the conversation on SOCIAL MEDIA: the Meeting twitter is @mkdmycology and the facebook group formed specially for the event can be found here: https://www.facebook.com/groups/638232593042526/.
Please use the Meeting hashtag #EMAohrid2017 and mention @EMAConservation to get the word out.
Group photo of Meeting participants.
ECCF Meeting participants group photo during the visit to St Naum Monastery and the Crn Drim river springs.
|Posted on September 25, 2017 at 4:55 PM|
The complete Programme has been released for the upcoming Meeting of the European Council for Conservation of Fungi in Ohrid (1-6 Oct), under the auspices of the European Mycological Association and the International Society for Fungal Conservation, organized and hosted by the Macedonian Mycological Society and Ss. Cyril and Methodius University, Skopje.
* * *
During the Meeting, daily updates will be regularly posted on this webpage. Join the conversation on SOCIAL MEDIA: the Meeting twitter is @mkdmycology and the facebook group formed specially for the event can be found here: https://www.facebook.com/groups/638232593042526/.
Please use the Meeting hashtag #EMAohrid2017 and mention @EMAConservation to get the word out.
|Posted on August 4, 2017 at 1:05 AM|
In the course of the first four months of the project 'Fungi of Kosovo: Establishing Fungi Checklist and Preliminary Red List and Proposing Important Fungal Areas'', supported by the Rufford Small Grants Foundation, field research for collection of fungal material was conducted in over 20 localities in Kosovo. The collection season is still in progress.The laboratory analyses for identification of the fungi specimens were performed at the Mycological Laboratory in Skopje. On the basis of both the existing fungi database and our project research so far, there is data on about 230 different fungal species. Our project findings to date were presented at the 37th Meeting of Eastern Alpine and Dinaric Society for Vegetation Ecology, held in Prizren (Kosovo), between 13 and 16 July 2017. We participated both in the lecture sessions and poster presentations. The results have also been entered in the online fungi database created for this project specifically; exsiccates of the new finds have been deposited at the National Collection of Fungi.
Lecture by Prof. Mitko Karadelev during the 37th Meeting of Eastern Alpine and Dinaric Society for Vegetation Ecology, held in Prizren, 13-16 July 2017.
Leccinum pseudoscabrum found in oak forest in Kacanik area, Kosovo.
Elaphomyces granulatus - an underground fungus from Kosovo.
The black trumpet (Craterellus cornucopioides) - a mushroom species exported from Kosovo.
|Posted on July 18, 2017 at 3:15 AM|
The Second Circular has been released for the Meeting of the European Mycological Association (EMA) and the International Society for Fungal Conservation (ISFC), entitled ‘Fungal Conservation in a Changing Europe: the Challenges Ahead,’ to be held in Hotel Tino-St Stefan, in Ohrid, 1-6 Oct 2017. The Circular provides information about the Preliminary Programme, abstract submission, accomodation and registration.
Please note that the early bird period for lower registration fees has been extended to the end of July 2017. If you are able to attend the Meeting, please complete the registration form provided within the Second Circular, and send it to Prof. Karadelev as indicated. For payment of registration fees, please use the the bank account information given in the registration form.
* * *
Host: Ss Cyril and Methodius University, Skopje.
Local Organizer: Prof. Mitko Karadelev, Institute of Biology, Faculty of Natural Sciences and Mathematics, Ss. Cyril and Methodius University, Arhimedova 5, 1000 Skopje, Macedonia.
Organizing Committee: Assistant Prof. Katerina Rusevska; Prof. Gerhard Kost; Kristina Zimbakova; Daniela Mitic-Kopanja.
Scientific Support: IUCN Species Survival Commission (Chytrid, Zygomycete, Downy Mildew and Slime Mould Specialist Group; Cup-fungi, Truffles and Allies Specialist Group; Lichen Specialist Group; Mushroom, Bracket and Puffball Specialist Group; Rust and Smut Specialist Group).
The fungus Lenzitopsis oxycedri - symbol of the Meeting: http://iucn.ekoo.se/iucn/species_view/333109/.
|Posted on June 15, 2017 at 9:50 AM|
A Meeting entitled ‘Fungal Conservation in a Changing Europe: the Challenges Ahead,’ will be held in Ohrid (Macedonia), between 1st and 6th Oct 2017. It is organized by the European Mycological Association (EMA) and the International Society for Fungal Conservation (ISFC), with scientific support by the IUCN Species Survival Commission. The Macedonian Mycological Society (MMS), based at the Institute of Biology within the Faculty of Natural Science and Mathematics, Ss Cyril and Methodius University in Skopje, is the local host of the event. The venue is Hotel Tino-St Stefan in the city of Ohrid. The city is a UNESCO Cultural World Heritage Site while the adjacent lake is a UNESCO Natural World Heritage Site.
The Meeting will be a platform for the participants to discuss the current processes responsible for changes in the mycoflora on a local, regional, national, European as well as overseas level, and to promote international cooperation in research, monitoring programmes and publication of red data lists of threatened fungi. The event will be divided into plenary lectures, workshops on IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) global red listing, poster sessions, and a one-day field excursion to Pelister National Park. To register for the event and for detailed event information, please consult the First Circular.
|Posted on May 1, 2017 at 2:25 PM|
Thanks to a recently awarded grant from the Rufford Foundation, a team from the Macedonian Mycological society has commenced a new project: ''Fungi of Kosovo: Establishing Fungi Checklist and Preliminary Red List and Proposing Important Fungal Areas''. The project is to be implemented between 1 March 2017 through 31 August 2018.
The project goals are compiling a fungi inventory and a preliminary red list of fungi compliant with IUCN criteria, along with proposing Important Fungal Areas based on the presence of rare and threatened species, richness, and habitat mycological significance. The List and IFAs will be crucial for fungi conservation in view of the major threats, as follows: excessive exploitation, fungi habitats’ fragmentation and destruction. Public awareness will be raised via media campaign, presentations and promotional material. A new database (FUNGI OF KOSOVO) will also be created, accessible online, with reference to all identified fungal species of Kosovo. More on the following link.
Microstoma protractum. Photograph by Mitko Karadelev.
|Posted on February 1, 2015 at 5:05 PM|
Macedonian Mycological Society president Karadelev is one of the eighteen participants at the current Workshop of European Mycologists, held in Flen, Sweden, between 2nd and 4th Feb 2015. The event is within the framework of IUCN’s Global Fungal Red List initiative, and it is pivotal for moving fungal conservation forward. The general aim of the initiative is that at least 300 fungal species are evaluated against IUCN’s red list criteria on a global scale by 2015 yearend. The evaluation of approximately 74 species will be finalised during the workshop.
Species of fungi are threatened by habitat loss, loss of symbiotic hosts, pollution, excessive exploitation, and climate change, but the vast majority of fungal species have not been assessed. The objective of the global IUCN Red List of Threatened Species is to raise awareness of the urgency of conservation issues among the public and policy makers, and assist the international community in mitigation of species decline and extinction.
Pyrofomes demidoffii, species proposed for Global Red List Assessment by Mitko Karadelev.
|Posted on September 9, 2014 at 6:35 PM|
Within the outreach activities of the Rufford project, Establishing Fungi Checklist and Preliminary Red List and Proposing Important Fungal Areas in Albania, in late Aug 2014 MMS president Karadelev had a presentation on Preliminary Red List of Albanian Macrofungi and he led a one-day fungi foray in Shebenik-Jabllanice NP, within the week-long Ecological Summer Camp.
The Camp involved 30 students of diverse study areas, ranging from biology to sociology, from Macedonia and Albania, with active involvement of local NGOs representatives and local residents. Through the lecture and the field research, the participants had an opportunity to familiarise themselves with the threatened fungi species in Albania and also with the fungi growing in this National Park. A number of new, unpublished species for Albania were found during the fungi foray.
We joined our conservation efforts with the Albanian NGO PPNEA (Protection and Preservation of Natural Environment in Albania) and the Macedonian Ecological Society, and we implemented the Albanian fungi outreach activity within the Ecological Summer Camp, which was part of their EU-funded project for cross border cooperation - Enhancing Trans-Boundary Protection and Development of the Shebenik-Jabllanice Mountain Range by Active Local Involvement.
Photo copyright: Mitko Karadelev
Beech forest on limestone
|Posted on June 30, 2014 at 6:25 PM|
During the past two months, there have been robust outreach activities related to our ongoing project ''Fungi Albanici: Establishing Fungi Checklist and Preliminary Red List and Proposing Important Fungal Areas in Albania''.
Up till now, data has been yielded on approximately 600 fungal species that have been identified. The finalised Preliminary Red List of fungi species, categorised in compliance with IUCN criteria, was revealed at the 4th International Conference of Ecosystems held in Tirana (23-26 May 2014), through a lecture and open discussion with Albanian officials from the relevant ministries. At the same event, the ecology and distribution of lignicolous fungi in Albania was presented via a poster. Not only have our fungi conservation efforts been extensively covered by news media in Albania but also in Macedonia, Kosovo and as far as China and Algeria. The links to the published media articles along with the lecture and poster are all available at http://macfungi.webs.com/fungialbanici.htm.
Photographs by Mitko Karadelev. All rights reserved.
|Posted on December 4, 2013 at 4:35 AM|
The outcome of the activities thus far within our project ''Fungi Albanici: Establishing Fungi Checklist and Preliminary Red List and Proposing Important Fungal Areas in Albania'' was poster-presented at the prestigious Third International Congress on Fungal Conservation, which was held in Mugla, Turkey, 11-15th November 2013 (http://www.fungal-conservation.org/icfc3/index.htm). Before long our conservation research results will be published in the Fungal Conservation newsletter of the International Society for Fungal Conservation.
During the past autumn months, within the scope of the current project, numerous localities in Albania were visited aimed at fungi forays, by paying particular attention to the National Parks of Tomorri, Llogora, Prespa, Valbonë, Hotove, Shebenik and Korab-Koritnik Natural Park. In excess of 1,000 specimens were collected with approximately 600 different species overall to date, some of them being very interesting such as Pyrofomes demidoffii, Antrodia juniperina, Lysurus cruciatus, Suillus sibiricus, Hexagonia nitida, Pisolithus arhizus, etc. More on http://macfungi.webs.com/fungialbanici.htm
Photographs by Mitko Karadelev. All rights reserved.
Valbona National Park.
Amanita caesarea in Llogora NP.
|Posted on November 6, 2013 at 8:20 AM|
The Macedonian Post issued four official postal stamps of Macedonian fungi as of 16th October 2013. The represented species have been selected by Professor Mitko Karadelev, the Macedonian Mycological Society President, while the photographs are courtesy of Matthias Theiss.
|Posted on August 9, 2013 at 4:15 AM|
In the course of the first three project months, field research was conducted and over 20 localities in Albania were visited. The collected fungal material from these spring forays has been entirelly processed, and the results have been entered in a fungi database created specifically for this project. In view of both the fungi database and project research so far, there is data on approximately 350 specimens, of which about 260 are different species - all new for Albania. Part of the project results were presented at the Third International Conference of Ecosystems, held in Tirana in June 2013. More on www.macfungi.webs.com/fungialbanici.htm.
Photographs by Mitko Karadelev. All rights reserved.
Prespa NP in Albania
Pluteus thomsonii - a very rare fungal species.
|Posted on July 29, 2013 at 3:45 PM|
A Macedonian Mycological Society team participated in a field research in Korab Mountain between 8th and 22nd July 2013. Korab Mt is part of Mavrovo National Park, and it is situated in the western part of the country, along the Macedonian-Albanian borderline. The annual educational and scientific field research activity was organised by Biology Students’ Research Society, which functions within the Faculty of Natural Science and Mathematics in Skopje.